What does the wind chill mean?

The wind chill is essentially the 'feels-like' temperature when cold air combines with brisk winds

You will often see the term "wind chill" in your weather forecast during the colder months, but you might not know what this actually means or how it could affect your health.

The wind chill is how cold the air feels on your skin when factoring in the wind for any temperature at or below 50 degrees with wind speeds above 3 mph. Sometimes, this is called the "feels-like temperature."

A thin layer of warm air, produced by body heat, exists just above your skin. The wind strips this warmth away. As wind speeds increase, the amount of heat lost from your body also increases. Therefore, the stronger the winds, the colder the air will feel.

When winds are light – 3 mph or lower – the wind chill is not a factor because the thin layer of warm air stays close to your skin.


The National Weather Service developed the chart below to easily determine the wind chill. Simply match the air temperature on the horizontal axis at the top with the wind speed on the vertical axis along the left-hand side, find where the two values intersect, and that number is your wind chill.

Since the chart goes in intervals of every 5 degrees and 5 mph, there is also a wind chill calculator available on this NWS webpage if you prefer to find a more precise value.

On a windy day in the winter, the wind chill will be notably lower than the actual air temperature.

The FOX Weather app might predict a high temperature of 36 degrees – the average high in Boston for much of January – but if the winds are gusting to 30 mph, the wind chill will be 23 degrees. Most people would likely agree that a 23-degree day feels noticeably colder than a 36-degree day.


The blue- and purple-shaded areas in the wind chill chart above indicate how long it takes for frostbite to set in at the corresponding wind chills.

For example, frostbite would occur after only 10 minutes of exposure to a temperature of minus 15 degrees with 20-mph winds.