Star duo creates a 'fingerprint' in space captured by James Webb Space Telescope
Similar to rings on a tree trunk, NASA said each ring marks another meeting of the stars. Scientists believe at least 17 rings are emanating from the pair of stars.
Two stars bumping hips 5,300 light-years from Earth are sending stellar gas out into space, creating a thumb-print-like impression for NASA's most powerful space telescope to observe.
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope continues to reveal stunning never-before-seen views of the universe since it began scientific operations this summer.
This week, NASA and the European Space Agency teams shared another wonderful image only made possible by Webb. According to NASA, about every eight years, the star duo known as Wolf-Rayet 140 (WR 140) comes close together, and as the stars' stellar winds meet, it produces dust rings or shells.
Similar to rings on a tree trunk, NASA said each ring marks another meeting of the stars. Scientists believe at least 17 rings are emanating from the pair of stars. The JWST image looks like a fingerprint in space.
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Before using Webb's Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) to study Wolf-Rayet 140, only two dust rings were visible when using ground-based telescopes, according to Ryan Lau, an astronomer with National Science Foundation's NOIR Lab.
"We’re looking at over a century of dust production from this system," said Lau, the lead author of a new study about Wolf-Rayet 140 published in Nature Astronomy.
Wolf-Rayet star is an O-type star that generates winds that push gas into space, and according to NASA, WR 140 may have shed more than half of its original mass through these winds.
This star duo is unique because while other Wolf-Rayet stars emit dust, no others have been found to produce the rings that Webb observed at Wolf-Rayet 140. As the stars shed mass, they also eject carbon and other elements into space.
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According to the new study, researchers believe WR 140's winds are sweeping away residual material leaving the rings pristine for Webb to see. There may be even more rings, but they are too faint even for the powerful JWST.
The James Webb Space Telescope began its first scientific observations in July when NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency released a handful of test images and data the telescope took to show off its potential.